J Kitchen & Sons, Candlemakers

J Kitchen & Sons, Candlemakers

Stage Number: MBSH.03.03.17

Group: Southern

Local Study Area: Bulimba-Balmoral-Hawthorne-Morningside

Epoch: Late 19th Century

Street Address: Corner of Apollo Road and Byron Street, Bulimba

Latitude & Longitude: -27.44411667,153.06391667

Time Link: 1880

Map Link: 1884

Image Time Point: 1884

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The Apollo Candle Works was established here in 1880 by J Kitchen and Sons Ltd. This was a large operation, as candles were a basic commodity in a time before electric lighting. The nearby riverside meatworks would have been a major source of animal fat used in making candles. The company was amalgamated with the Apollo Candle company in 1885, and the road there today is called Apollo Street. The factory was badly damaged during the 1893 Brisbane River floods, and then partially destroyed by for in 1909, but survived before being taken over for use by the US Army Transportation Service Depot in 1942, during World War II. The large chimney stack on the site was a local landmark before its demolition in 1930.


The Week, 10 September 1881; Brisbane Courier, 9 June 1909; Daily Standard, 10 February 1930; Queensland Government; Queensland WWII Historic Places, ‘Camp Bulimba’ (www.ww2places.qld.gov.au/places/?id=329), sighted 8 August 2017.

Image Citations

J. Kitchen & Sons Soap and Candle Works at Bulimba in 1906. John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, Record number: 48232.

Map References

QSA. QSA Series ID 2043 City of Brisbane and Suburbs Maps – A1A Series. 5 chains to the inch. City of Brisbane. 5 chains to the inch. Government Engraving, and Lithographic Office, Brisbane.. 634496